Trigonometry is a vital constituent of Mathematics in IIT JEE examination.
Trigonometric functions and trigonometry ratios are some of the most imperative
areas of trigonometry. Since the IIT JEE exam asks a good amount of questions on
this topic, so getting the knack of the basic trigonometry can surely help an IIT
JEE aspirant to smooth his way through the exam.
Trigonometry is the branch of Mathematics that deals with triangles and the relationships
between the sides and angles. The trigonometry functions are universal in parts
of pure mathematics and applied mathematics which also lay the groundwork for many
branches of science and technology. The IIT JEE Trigonometry problems range from
the trigonometry basics to the applications of trigonometry.
Some of the trigonometry questions are simply based on trigonometry formulae and
are quite easy to crack while others may demand some trigonometry tricks. Thus IIT
JEE trigonometry syllabus is a perfect blend of questions of all levels
Given below is the trigonometry table that illustrates the values of the functions
at different angles:
It would be an added advantage if the aspirants could memorize all above trigonometry
formulas but if not; they must at least grasp the major ones like:
The graphs also constitute a vital component in Trigonometry. A student who is well
versed with the graphs of the major functions is able to tackle questions with ease.
Some of the fundamental graphs are sketched below:
Enlisted below are some of the prime heads that come under trigonometry and are
covered in the coming sections:
Multiple and Sub-multiple Angles
Inverse circular Functions
Trigonometric Identities and Equations
For more in depth knowledge refer
Find the angles and sides indicated by the letters in the diagram.
Give each answer correct to the nearest whole number.
Since in general, it is simpler to use the value of 30°, so we will
have to consider the triangle with 30°. Here,
r/60 = tan 30°.
Hence, r = 60tan (30°) = 34.64101615...
So answer correct to the nearest whole number is r= 35.
Now, that we have obtained the value of r, we use the first triangle to evaluate
r/s = tan(55°)
so, 35/s = tan(55°)
so, 35/tan(55°) = s = 24.50726384...
r = 35, s = 25
Evaluate the value of (1 + cos π/8) (1 + cos 3π/8) (1 + cos 5π/8) (1 + cos 7π/8).
Solution: The given expression is
(1 + cos π/8) (1 + cos 3π/8) (1 + cos 5π/8) (1 + cos 7π/8)
= (1 + cos π/8) (1 + cos 3π/8) (1 - cos 3π/8) (1 - cos π/8)
= (1 – cos2π/8) (1 - cos23π/8)
= ¼ [2 sin π/8 sin 3π/8]2
= ¼ [2 sin π/8 cos π/8]2
= ¼ [sin π/4]2
= 1/4. 1/2 = 1/8
Illustration 3: If cos (α – β) = 1 and cos (α + β) = 1/e,
where α, β ∈ [-π, π], then the values of α and β satisfying both the equations is/are
Solution: It is given in the question that cos (α – β) = 1 and cos (α +
β) = 1/e, where α, β ∈ [-π, π].
Now, cos (α – β) = 1
α – β = 0, 2π, -2π
Hence, α – β = 0 (since α, β ∈ [-π, π])
So, α = β
Hence, cos 2α = 1/e
So, the number of solutions of above will be number of points of intersection
of the curves y = cos 2α and y = 1/e
where α, β ∈ [-π, π]
It is quite clear that there are four solutions corresponding to four points of
intersection P1, P2, P3 and P4.
Illustration 4: If k = sin (π/18) sin (5π/18) sin (7π/18),
then what is the numerical value of k?
Solution: The value of k is given to be k = sin (π/18) sin (5π/18) sin (7π/18).
Hence, k = sin 10° sin 50° sin 70°
= sin 10° sin (60° - 10°). sin (60° + 10°)
= sin 10° [sin260° - sin210°]
= sin 10° [(√3/2)2 - sin210°]
= sin 10° [3/4 - sin210°]
= 1/4 [3sin 10° - 4sin310°]
= 1/4 x sin (3 x 10) (since, sin 3θ = 3sinθ- 4sin3 θ)
= 1/4 sin 30° = 1/8
Hence, the numerical value of k is 1/8