Carbon atoms have a versatile nature to attach themselves to one another
to an extent not possible for any other element. Carbon atoms can form long
chains and rings containing thousand of atoms. The chains and rings can be
branched and cross-linked. This versitile nature of carbon is the reason why
there are millions of compounds of carbon present around us. Organic molecules
are everywere around us.These are the part of not our body but also food &
medicins. Organic chemistry is vey important for technology also as it is
chemistry of ink, papaer, dyes, paint, galsoline, rubber and plastic. As it is
mentioned above, there are millions of organic compounds around us, it becomes
very important to classify them in groups in order to study them properly.
Further as organic compounds play a very important role in our life, it is also
important to identify and name them all. In this chapter we will study about the
classification of organic compounds and their nomenclature and also about the
techniques used for their purification.