JEE MAIN  and JEE ADVANCED  Coaching in KOTA , RAJASTHAN , MOTION IIT JEE , INDIA  Phone: +91-8003899588, +91-9314187482  1800-3070-2299 (Toll Free)






 Chemistry
 Physical Chemistry
Chemical Bonding
Ionic Equilibrium
States of Matter
Redox Reactions
Surface Chemistry
Electro Chemistry
Chemical Kinematics
 Organic Chemistry
Isomerism
Nomenclature
Alkyl Halide
Alcohol and Ethers
Amino Acids
Hydrocarbons
Hydrogen and Its Components
 Inorganic Chemistry
S and P Block
D anf F Block
Co-ordination Compounds

JEE Main and JEE Advanced Syllabus of Alcohols and Ethers

 

In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which a hydroxyl group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom of an alkyl or substituted alkyl group. The general formula for a simple acyclic alcohol is CnH2n+1OH. In common terms, the wordalcohol refers to ethanol, the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages.

 

Ethanol is a colorless, volatile liquid with a mild odor which can be obtained by the fermentation of sugars. (Industrially, it is more commonly obtained by ethylene hydration-the reaction of ethylene with water in the presence of phosphoric acid.) Ethanol is the most widely used depressant in the world, and has been for thousands of years. This sense underlies the term alcoholism (addiction to alcohol).

 

Other alcohols are usually described with a clarifying adjective, as in isopropyl alcohol (propan-2-ol) or wood alcohol (methyl alcohol, or methanol). The suffix -ol appears in the "official" IUPAC chemical name of all alcohols.

 

There are three major subsets of alcohols: primary (1°), secondary (2°) andtertiary (3°), based upon the number of carbon atoms the C-OH group's carbon is bonded to. Ethanol is a simple 'primary' alcohol. The simplest secondary alcohol is isopropyl alcohol (propan-2-ol), and a simple tertiary alcohol is tert-butyl alcohol (2-methylpropan-2-ol).

 

 

 

 


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